Self-driving vehicles Many of us once dreamt of riding a flying car. It is brilliant inventions. This is made for get easier for our busy dailey life.One of these brilliant inventions is autonomous cars.

HOW SAFE ARE SELF DRIVING CARS?

A modern car contains more than 100 million lines of code. The software enables many different features — cruise control, speed assistance, and parking cameras. This system can gets more complex.
This trend will come to all over the world in the future.  Cars are increasingly dependent on technology. And they will progressively become more autonomous — and ultimately self-driving.
Self-driving cars are very  safer than human drivers, according to experts. We can see so many accidents but sllf driving is the best answer for that reason .Human drivers get into millions of accidents each year.
Less than one per cent of those accidents were fatal.
Self-driving cars, on the other hand, This invention is still tested. They have a long way to go before they become the norm.
In 2018 March, self-driving car failed to identify the biker as a human until it was too late to stop. It is failed notice the biker. It’s likely to take some time before we see widespread use of self-driving cars.
But vehicles driven by humans are using more and more technology in Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS).

HOW MUCH WILL A SELF DRIVING CAR COST?

Developing self-driving cars is of course, very expensive. Fully autonomous tech could add at least $100,000 to the price of a vehicle, while even semi-autonomous features like Tesla’s Autopilot and Cadillac’s Super Cruise already add $5,000 and $10,000 respectively, to the base vehicle cost.

ADVANTAGES OF A SELF DRIVING CARS

 Decreased the number of accidents

We can decreased accidents. It leaves no opportunity for distraction, not just like humans who are prone to interruptions. It also uses best secular.It can determine the correct stopping distance from one vehicle to another. Thereby, lessening the chances of accidents dramatically.

Lessens traffic jams

Driverless cars in a group participate in platooning. It can manage and controling fast. It help to identify the traffic problems early on.  It detects road fixing and detours instantly. It also picks up hand signals from the motorists and reacts to it accordingly.

Time-saving vehicle

As the system takes over the control, the driver has a spare time to continue work or spend this time catching up with their loved ones without having the fear about road safety.

 Accessibility to transportation

Autonomous vehicles assist them in safe and accessible transportation.

WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGED OF A SELF DRIVING CAR?

 Expensive

High-technology vehicles and equipment are expensive. It use to high cost for developing this technology. software updating is the main part in the self driving. modified vehicle parts, and sensors are another main part of this technology. Thus, the cost is very higher.

 Safety and security concerns

Technologies are always continuously update but it is  not properly and successfully done.

 Prone to Hacking

Autonomous vehicle’s next main target is identify the details of owner. This may lead to a possible collection of personal data.

 Fewer job opportunities for others

As artificial intelligence continues to overcome the roles and responsibilities of humans, taxi, trucks, or even co-pilots may be laid off as their services will no longer be needed. This may some impact in the job opportunities in the world.

 Non-functional sensors

Sensors failures often happened during drastic weather conditions. This may not work during a blizzard or a heavy snowfall.
HOW SAFE ARE SELF DRIVING CARS
HOW SAFE ARE SELF DRIVING CARS

HISTORY

This Experiments started in 1920. The first trials began in the 1950s. The first semi-automated car was developed in 1977, The vehicle reached speeds up to 30 kilometres per hour (19 mph) with the support of an elevated rail.
The first truly autonomous cars appeared in the 1980s, with Carnegie Mellon University’s Navlab and ALV projects funded by the United States’ Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) starting in 1984.
In 1985, the ALV had demonstrated self-driving speeds on two-lane roads of 31 kilometres per hour. A main milestone was achieved in 1995, Of the 2,849 mi (4,585 km) between Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and San Diego, California, 2,797 mi (4,501 km) were autonomous (98.2%), completed with an average speed of 63.8 mph (102.7 km/h).
From the 1960s through the second DARPA Grand Challenge in 2005, automated vehicle research in the United States was primarily funded by DARPA, the US Army, and the US Navy, yielding incremental advances in speeds, driving competence in more complex conditions, controls, and sensor systems.
From 2016 to 2018, the European Commission funded the innovation strategy development for connected and automated driving through the Coordination Actions CARTER and SCOUT. Moreover, Roadmap for Connected and Automated Transport was published in 2019.
In 2017, Audi was joined the technology. It’s speeds of up to 60 kilometres per hour (37 mph) using its “Audi AI”. The driver wouldn’t  have to do something to safety. Audi is the first manufacturer to use laser scanners and ultrasonic sensors for their system.
In November 2017,  testing driverless cars without a safety driver in the driver position. however, there was still an employee in the car.

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